Importance of National Parks
Extensive and expansive civilization in most parts of the world poses a huge danger to natural resources. Flora and fauna or plants and animals are the main resources of the world. It is in a bid to conserve such resources that countries have established special places for them. The general terminologies used to describe these areas are national parks and game reserves. In most countries, national parks are usually under the control of national and county governments.
The importance of national parks to a country cannot be overemphasized. First of all, different countries usually have different species of wild animals and rare plant species. Tourists therefore visit areas where they are sure to see rare species of wildlife and plants. Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner to most countries that have tourist attraction sites. A country that boasts of many natural parks will definitely have a huge Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P).
National parks usually have different attraction sites and features. Case in point is wild animal species that are common in most African national parks. Such animals like leopards, buffaloes and lions are a common feature in most African national parks. However, in other continents, there are other different species of animals that cannot be found in other continents like Africa. Case in point is the presence of Kangaroos in Australia and that of bison in the United States of America.
In recent times, national parks have started being used for recreational purposes by natives of the nation. Key among such activities is hiking and camping. Long distance athletic races like marathons have also started being held in national parks. How is it possible to have recreational activities in national parks? This is an important point since any activities happening in national parks must not create any human-wildlife conflicts.
To understand how recreation activities take place in national parks, it is good to note that such activities cannot happen in all national parks. For any national park to be used for recreation, it must be set up in such a manner that such activities will not pose dangers to wildlife as well as to human beings. Case in point is the consistent use of the Big Bend national park in the United States of America for hiking activities. This is simply because the park has natural trails away from animal habitats.
Other outdoor activities carried out within national parks include camping and leisure walks. Absence of carnivorous animals makes a park ideal for camping activities. This stems from the fact that carnivores are quite dangerous. To make parks ideal for such recreational activities, many governments have created a clear demarcation separating animals and areas for recreation.